Composition 89 古典和歌解読




In the history of Japanese literature, lyric poetry was established in Kokin Wakashu, compilated at the beginning of the 10th century. Those days' poets succeeded the verse of Manyoushu but converted it from the phonetic lineation to the literal one. That enabled them to reduplicate their expressions and portray their various emotions in Tanka. The mainstream of Tanka shifted to lyric poetry. It was the Japanese writing system with Kana invented by the early Heian period that occurred the change mentioned above.
However, the style of Kokin had two crucial defects. First, Tanka of this period lost the rhythm, which is the so-called soul of verse. Second, the poetic way was limited to Tanka. Choka, the long form of a poem, declined. The poets often had to add Kotobagaki, the foreword of Tanka, to explain their emotion, which could not be expressed in the thirty-one syllables. The following generations, such as the poets of the period when Shin Kokin Wakashu established, must have overcome those two faults.